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简单英语新闻报道双语:集装箱涨价近10倍:国内港口“求箱若渴”,外贸企业“一箱难求”

作者:沈鹤庭发布时间:2021-06-09 02:29英语学习 评论本文有5114个文字,大小约为18KB,预计阅读时间13分钟
简单英语新闻报道双语:如今全球海运业可谓“冰火两重天”,海外多国疫情严峻,人工不足,港口集装箱堆积如山;亚洲各大港...

简单英语新闻报道双语:集装箱涨价近10倍:国内港口“求箱若渴”,外贸企业“一箱难求”

  如今全球海运业可谓“冰火两重天”,海外多国疫情严峻,人工不足,港口集装箱堆积如山;亚洲各大港口运输繁忙,却时常受“缺箱”“少柜”困扰,集装箱价格飞涨,一些海运航线上涨近10倍,仍然是“一箱难求”。

 国内港口“求箱若渴” 外贸企业“一箱难求”

  一段时间以来,在国内很多港口,集装箱登记处周围总是排满了等待的人群。

  去年三季度以来,缺箱少柜现象在各大港口蔓延,据多家媒体报道,有些黄牛趁机坐地起价,有些航线加价3000美元也有可能抢不到一个集装箱。因缺箱而闹心的还有大量的生产企业。宁波市一家工艺品生产企业的库房里堆满了还没来得及运走的产品,总量有1000立方米。

  宁波某进出口有限公司 副总经理 林丽萍:这个是我们德国的电视购物的客人,20个集装箱全部都是从2020年11月初要走,一直到现在,都没有明确的一个船期。

  企业的焦灼,不断推升着集装箱的销售价格。2020年上半年20英尺的小箱价格为1600美元,现在最高涨到了3600美元,而热门的40英尺箱价格已涨到5950美元,价格全部翻倍,并创历史新高。

  与国内“一箱难求”不同,新西兰的奥克兰港,集装箱空箱却积压严重,2020年下半年以来,为了存放那些运不走的空集装箱,他们先后找了5处新堆场,最多时有将近6000个空集装箱滞留在奥克兰。

  中远海运集团(新西兰)有限公司 营运总监 马克斯科特:新西兰所有船运公司的集装箱积压都很严重,是正常情况的两倍。

  数据显示:有1万到15000个集装箱被滞留在美国加州。英国的菲利克斯托港,集装箱已经从港口蔓延至周边的郊区。澳大利亚各港口空集装箱的数量则超过了5万个。目前,国际上一些重要港口的空箱堆存量是正常水平的三倍。

  香港班轮运输协会主席 罗伯托·吉安内塔:我们发现现在有空集装箱滞留在北美和欧洲各地,此外澳大利亚以及更多地方的空集装箱也在等待被运回。

  

  中集集团董事长 麦伯良:在全球运营的集装箱4000多万个,我们一个月生产40万个,那一年也就生产500万个,箱子回不来,你还是解决不了根本问题。

  全球经济复苏 中国制造业拉动海运需求

  这拨海运行业的涨价潮,受多重因素影响,比如,海外严峻的疫情、苏伊士运河的阻塞,都让海运行业压力倍增。

  广州一家家电企业的智能车间里,工人们开足马力,赶制发往欧美的电视机。如今企业的出口订单已经排到两个月后,但企业物流的负责人却高兴不起来。

  

  广东某公司物资管理部副部长 龙辉:国内现在目前货柜(集装箱)资源是非常紧张的,我们订舱也是非常困难的,这样会影响我正常生产的运行。

  随着全球经济复苏,各国贸易需求大增,由于中国疫情的有效控制,在全球产业链中,中国制造业承担着重要的责任。数据显示:今年前4个月中国贸易货物进出口总值比2020年同期增长28.5%,比2019年同期增长21.8%。

  

  国务院发展研究中心世界发展研究所研究员 丁一凡 :大量的货物还源源不断地从中国流向海外,这说明中国的生产能力特别强,而现在在疫情中间,大家能够指望上的那就是中国制造了。

  虽然苏伊士运河堵塞事件已经过去了2个月,但其后续影响余波未了。加上新冠疫情叠加效应,由此导致运期混乱、港口拥堵的现象正在全球各处上演。新西兰奥克兰港口外在锚地等待进港装卸货物的集装箱船有时多达10多艘,平均延误船期8到10天。

  新西兰奥克兰港新闻发言人 马特波尔:疫情之下进口需求的强劲增长导致装卸量大幅增加。我们人手严重不足,无法满足装卸的需要。

  目前美国10个最繁忙的港口中,至少有7个经常面临拥堵。东南亚、欧洲等各大港口,船只等待靠泊的时间达到一周以上。

  德鲁里航运咨询公司顾问 西蒙希尼:这无疑是一场全球供应链危机。我们认为将持续到第四季度,并可能持续到今年年底。

  船上的情况同样不容乐观,新冠疫情时刻威胁着海员们的健康。马士基是世界上最大的集装箱运输公司,30%的船员来自印度。印度新冠疫情的二次暴发,令公司业务受到巨大冲击。

  马士基集团海事关系主管 佩得森:如果对于船员的禁令从几周扩展到了几个月,将给我们的行业带来挑战。

  印度是世界上最重要的船员供应国之一,全球有15%的海员来自印度。近期印度疫情灾难性激增,促使一些港口对来印度的船员和船只实施限制。

  疏通海上贸易动脉 中国正在努力

  目前世界贸易90%的运输量,都是通过海上运输完成的。海运不畅,会对全球的经济复苏带来破坏性影响。为此,中国多措并举,疏通全球贸易大动脉。

  这里是福建厦门的某集装箱制造企业,每三分多钟就有一个集装箱完成组装下线,焊接工人在最忙的时候,一个月经手的40英尺集装箱就有4000多个。

  中国是全世界集装箱的主要生产国,制造全球超过96%的干货集装箱和100%的冷藏集装箱,为了应对“一箱难求”的困境,中国集装箱制造企业正在加班加点地生产集装箱。

  中集集团董事长兼CEO 麦伯良:我们把每个月的供货量,就是产出量,从二十几万箱提高到四十几万箱。

  与此同时,各大港口也在积极争取海运空箱的回流,近日,一艘满载标准箱的货轮,缓缓靠拢宁波港,与以往不同的是,全船一万三千多个集装箱都是空箱。船舶靠岸之后,这些空箱将被优先卸载,发往全国。

  

  中国物流与采购联合会国际货代分会会长 康树春:从中国运到美国的一个集装箱以往平均运费是2000美元。现在涨到2万美元甚至更高,中间存在着10倍的利润空间。即使说运回成本很高,去程运费利润空间可以覆盖它的空箱返程成本,所以现在都在想办法把海外的空箱调回。

  在海运不畅的背景下,近日中欧班列成了海外贸易运输的香饽饽。数据显示:今年一季度,经满洲里和绥芬河口岸进出境的中欧班列分别同比增长了65.8%和65.4%。

  浙江某外贸企业负责人 殷国锋:现在中欧班列和海运费差1000美元以下,大家都会走中欧班列。等于货越快出去,他们垫的资金越少。

  中欧班列、航空货运、集装箱铁路水路联运等措施,为我国打开了对外贸易“新出路”。但面对庞大的海运需求,这些举措还是显得杯水车薪。

  中国物流与采购联合会国际货代分会会长 康树春:因为海运占整个全世界贸易运输的90%以上,空运和铁路运输占的比例应该说只有5%左右。

  国务院发展研究中心世界发展研究所研究员 丁一凡:现在就要看下半年,随着疫苗普及,整个疫情得到全面控制之后,生产和运输都能够恢复到比较平稳的水平。

【集装箱涨价近10倍:国内港口“求箱若渴”,外贸企业“一箱难求”】英语翻译:

“ of it may be said of marine course of study puts the whole world on the ice nowadays fire is double day ” , abroad and multilateral epidemic situation is grim, artificial inadequacy, haven container accumulation is like hill; Asia each are big haven is carried busy, suffer “ to be short of worry of ” of box ”“ little cupboard constantly however, container skyrocket, a few marine course rise nearly 10 times, remain one box of “ to beg ” hard.

Domestic haven “ begs box to be like thirsty”One box of “ of foreign trade enterprise begs ” hard

Since period of time, in home a lot of haven, always discharge all round container registry office full the crowd that await.

Last year since 3 quarters, be short of phenomenon of box little cupboard in each big haven spreads, according to coverage of much home media, some ox take the chance to sit the price since the ground, some course increase price 3000 dollars do not grab a container likely also. Make a heart because of be short of box still have many manufacturing company. The stack in the storeroom of company of production of a handicraft of peaceful wave city the product that still does not have carry away of there's still time, gross has 1000 stere.

Ning Bo Lin Liping of vise general manager of limited company of some imports and exports: This is the guest that the TV of our Germany shops, 20 container are entirely from November 2020 should go first, one up-to-date, do not have a specific sailing date.

Of the enterprise deeply anxious, push the sale price that raising container ceaselessly. 20 feet casket price was 1600 dollars first half of the year 2020, highest now go up to 3600 dollars, and price of popular 40 feet of box already rose to 5950 dollars, the price turns over times entirely, achieve the history new tall.

With domestic “ one box begs ” hard to differ, the Oakland harbor of New Zealand, container empty eontainers however keep long in stock is serious, 2020 since second half of the year, to deposit the empty container that those carry do not walk along, they looked for 5 place new storage yard early or late, most a long time has near 6000 empty container to stop in Oakland.

High seas carries in group (New Zealand) mark of chief inspector of carry of limited company battalion Scot: New Zealand is all the container keep long in stock of boat motion company is very serious, double be normal circumstance.

Data shows: 10 thousand is stop to be in American California to 15000 container. Phenanthrene Li Kesi of England holds harbor in the palm, container has spread to circumjacent suburb from haven. The amount of each haven empty container exceeded Australia 50 thousand. Current, the empty eontainers volume of cargo in storage of on international a few principal port is 3 times of the level normaller.

Hong Kong regular ship carries association chairman Rob to hold the tower inside · Ji An in the palm: We discover available now container stops to be mixed in North America European each district, in addition the empty container of Australia and more place also is awaiting by carry back.

  

In Mai Bailiang of market group president: The container in global operation many 4000, we a month produces 400 thousand, also produce 5 million one that year, the case is answered do not come, you still cannot solve basic problem.

Global economy anabiosises Chinese manufacturing industry is pulled change marine requirement

This dials what the sea runs line of business to rise in price wet, suffer multiple element effect, for instance, the block of abroad and grim epidemic situation, the Suez Canal, allow marine industry pressure times add.

In the intelligent workshop of enterprise of a home appliance of Guangzhou, workers put into high gear, drive make hair toward Euramerican television. After the export order of the enterprise has discharged two months nowadays, but the controller that business other people sheds cannot become glad however.

  

Long Hui of undersecretary of ministry of handling of goods of Guangdong some company: Home is current now crate (container) resource is extraordinary tension, we order cabin also is very difficult, such meetings affect what I produce normally to move.

Anabiosis as global economy, demand of each country trade soars, as a result of the effective control of Chinese epidemic situation, in global industry catenary, chinese manufacturing industry is assuming main responsibility. Data shows: Total value of imports and exports of goods of trade of China of before this year 4 months is compared the corresponding period grew 28.5% 2020, than 2019 the corresponding period grows 21.8% .

  

The State Council develops research center world to develop institute researcher Ding Yifan: Many goods returns in a steady stream to be flowed to from China ceaselessly abroad, this explains Chinese productivity is particularly strong, and it is now among epidemic situation, everybody can be counted on those who go up is China is made then.

Although the the Suez Canal jams,incident had gone 2 months, but its follow-up affects aftereffect unfinished. Add effect of overlay of new coronal epidemic situation, bring about carry period disorder, haven to embrace the phenomenon that block up to be being performed everywhere in the whole world from this. Explicit berth awaits haven of New Zealand Oakland the container ship of content of approach outfit discharging amounts to many 10 sometimes, sailing date of average incur loss through delay 8 arrive 10 days.

New Zealand Oakland Mateboer of harbor news spokesman: The driving growth that demand imports under epidemic situation is brought about assemble and unassemble the quantity increases considerably. Our hand is not worth badly, cannot satisfy the need that assemble and unassemble.

10 the busiest haven of American are at present medium, at least 7 often are faced with embrace. Southeast Asia, Europe each are big haven, the time that the ship awaits to rely on berth achieves a week above.

The shipping in Drew consults company adviser Ximengxini: This is a whole world supplies catenary crisis undoubtedly. We think to will last to the fourth quarter, last possibly to this year the end of the year.

The circumstance on the boat nots allow likewise hopeful, hour of new coronal epidemic situation is minatory mariner people healthy. Ma Shiji is the biggest container transport company on the world, the sailor of 30% comes from India. India breaks out 2 times of new coronal epidemic situation, your company business is attacked by tremendous favorable opposition.

Admire of officer of round maritime relationship gets Mashijiji dark: If extended a few months from a few weeks of enlarge to nautical ban, bring the industry that gives us the challenge.

India is the most important sailor on the world supplies one of countries, the whole world has the mariner of 15% to come from India. Epidemic situation of near future India is disastrous increase sharply, make a few haven to coming Indian sailor and ship implement restriction.

China of arteries and veins of maritime trade movability is in dredge hard

Commerce of eye preexistence bound the traffic of 90% , it is to pass seaborne finish. Marine not free, can anabiosis to global economy bring ruinous influence. For this, chinese much arrange develops simultaneously, commerce of dredge whole world is aortic.

Some container that Fujian Xiamen is here creates a company, every three bells have a container to finish assemble get offline, welder person is in the busiest when, 40 feet of container of hand of a menstruation have 4000 many.

China is the main production country of whole world container, production whole world exceeds the dried food container of 96 % and the cold storage container of 100 % , to answer “ one box seeks the difficult position of ” hard, chinese container production company is working overtime the ground produces container.

Market group president holds CEO Mai Bailiang concurrently in: We the quantity offerring money every month, it is quantum of output, raise four chest from two box.

Meanwhile, each circumfluence that big haven also is striving for marine empty eontainers actively, recently, one is fully loaded with the steamer of standard box, slowly draw close peaceful wave harbor, with what differ before be, full boat more than 13000 container are empty eontainers. After shipping draw close the shore, these empty eontainers will by preferential uninstall, send past whole nation.

  

Chinese content flows with purchase Kang Shuchun of chairman of acting branch of federation international goods: A container that goes to the United States from Chinese carry before average transportation expenses is 2000 dollars. Go up to 20 thousand dollar now taller even, there is the profit space of 10 times among. Although say carry back cost is very high, go the cost of empty eontainers return that space of Cheng freight profit can cover it, thinking way now so abroad empty eontainers recall.

Be in marine not below the setting of free, the Oubanlie in recently became the sweet cake that overseas trade carries. Data shows: This year first quarter, classics is full continent in of condition of pass in and out of bank of He Suifen bayou in Oubanlie grew compared to the same period respectively 65.8% with 65.4% .

Zhejiang Yan Guofeng of controller of company of some foreign trade: The Oubanlie in now and sea freight need 1000 dollars the following, everybody can go medium Oubanlie. Be equal to goods to go out more quickly, the fund that they pay is less.

In the measure such as through traffic of canalage of railroad of Oubanlie, air-freight, container, opened ” of new outlet of foreign trade “ for our country. But face huge marine demand, these act still appear an utterly inadequate method in dealing with a severe situation.

Chinese content flows with purchase Kang Shuchun of chairman of acting branch of federation international goods: Because marine the 90% above that occupy commerce of whole whole world to carry, airborne carry the proportion that hold to should say to only 5% is control with railroad.

The State Council develops research center world to develop institute researcher Ding Yifan: Be about to see second half of the year now, gain ground as vaccine, after whole epidemic situation gains overall control, produce and carry can restore to compare smooth level.

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