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英语新闻网站双语:“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平逝世,袁隆平生平事迹主要成就

作者:胡希文发布时间:2021-06-08 09:44英语学习 评论本文有1679个文字,大小约为6KB,预计阅读时间5分钟
英语新闻网站双语:中新网长沙5月22日电(记者 刘双双 杨华峰 邓霞)“杂交水稻之父”、中国工程院院士、&ld...

英语新闻网站双语:“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平逝世,袁隆平生平事迹主要成就

  中新网长沙5月22日电(记者 刘双双 杨华峰 邓霞)“杂交水稻之父”、中国工程院院士、“共和国勋章”获得者袁隆平因病医治无效,于5月22日13时07分在长沙逝世,享年91岁。

  袁隆平1930年出生于北平(北京的旧称),1953年从西南农学院遗传育种专业毕业后,被分配到湖南安江农校工作。

  水稻是湖南主要农作物。1966年,袁隆平在《科学通报》上发表论文《水稻的雄性不孕性》,正式提出通过培育水稻“三系”(即雄性不育系、雄性不育保持系、雄性不育恢复系),以“三系”配套的方法来利用水稻杂种优势的设想与思路,由此拉开中国杂交水稻研究的序幕。

  点击进入下一页资料图:袁隆平院士抚摸杂交粳稻新品种的稻穗。中新社记者 李克祥 摄

  1996年,中国农业农村部提出超级稻育种计划。袁隆平领衔的科研团队通过形态改良和杂种优势利用相结合的技术路线,成功攻破水稻超高产育种难题,不断刷新亩产产量。目前,超级稻计划的五期目标已经全部完成,分别是亩产700公斤、800公斤、900公斤、1000公斤和1100公斤。

  点击进入下一页袁隆平(资料图)中新社记者 刘双双 摄

  “禾下乘凉梦”和“杂交水稻覆盖全球梦”是袁隆平一生的梦想。前者是他真实的梦境,他曾梦见试验田里的超级杂交水稻长得比高粱还高,穗子有扫帚那么长,谷粒有花生米那么大,他和助手坐在稻穗下乘凉。这一梦想随着不断高产的超级稻逐渐成为现实。后者是希望超级稻走出国门,为世界粮食安全作出贡献。

  近年来,袁隆平虽然年事已高,但一直坚守在科研一线。记者曾多次在长沙与袁隆平面对面采访,老人每次都表示要向更高产的育种目标进军,“不从事杂交水稻,我的生活就没有意义了。”

  点击进入下一页袁隆平(资料图)中新社记者 杨华峰 摄

  袁隆平1981年获得国家发明特等奖,2001年获得首届国家最高科学技术奖,2014年获得国家科学技术进步特等奖,2018年获“改革先锋”称号,2019年被授予“共和国勋章”。他还相继获得联合国教科文组织“科学奖”等二十余项国内国际大奖。

原标题:“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平逝世 享年91岁

【“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平逝世,袁隆平生平事迹主要成就】英语翻译:

In new network Changsha on May 22 report (Deng Xia of Yang Huafeng of reporter Liu Shuangshuang) Yuan Longping of gainer of ” of decoration of republic of academician of the father ” of “ cross paddy, Chinese Academy of Engineering, “ due to illness cure is invalid, on May 22 13 when die 07 minutes in Changsha, die at the age of is 91 years old.

Yuan Longping was born in north to make the same score 1930 (of Beijing old weigh) , after from heredity of southwest agronomy courtyard breeding major graduated 1953, be allocated to Hunan school of An Jiang farming works.

Paddy is Hunan main crop. 1966, yuan Longping is in " scientific journal " on publish a paper " the male and infecund sex of paddy " , put forward formally to pass breed 3 departments of paddy “ ”(namely male sterility department, male sterility maintains department, male sterility to restore is) , with “ the method of form a complete set of 3 departments ” uses the tentative idea of paddy hybrid advantage and train of thought, what pull open research of Chinese cross paddy from this is prelusive.

   Click enter below one pageData chart: Yuan Longping academician touchs the spike of rice of new breed of cross round-grained nonglutinous rice. Li Kexiang of reporter of China News Service is photographed

1996, ministry of Chinese agriculture country puts forward super paddy breeding to plan. The scientific research group that Yuan Longping presents as leading role reforms through configuration and crossbred advantage uses the technical line that combines, freeboard of successful breach paddy produces breeding difficult problem, ceaseless refresh mu produce yield. Current, super paddy plans 5 period the target has been finished entirely, it is respectively mu produce 700 kilograms, 800 kilograms, 900 kilograms, 1000 kilograms mix 1100 kilograms.

   Click enter below one pageYuan Longping (data chart) Liu Shuangshuang of reporter of China News Service is photographed

Dream ” and “ cross paddy enjoying the cool to enclothe global dream ” below “ standing grain is the dream of Yuan Longping lifetime. Former it is his true dream, he ever dreamed of the super cross paddy in experiment cropland to grow higher than broomcorn, tassel has broom so long, corn has pignut so big, he and assistant sit below spike of rice to enjoy the cool. This one dream becomes reality gradually as the super paddy of ceaseless high yield. Latter is to hope super paddy takes door going abroad, make contribution for world food safety.

In recent years, yuan Longping although year the work is expensive already, but stand fast all the time in scientific research a gleam of. The reporter ever was in for many times Changsha is interviewed face-to-face with Yuan Longping, the old person expresses to want every time to more the breeding target of high yield marchs, “ is not engaged in cross paddy, my life with respect to no point. ”

  Click enter below one pageYuan Longping (data chart) Yang Huafeng of reporter of China News Service is photographed

Yuan Longping obtained a country to invent special grade award 1981, won first state 2001 award of highest science and technology, won award of special grade of national technology progress 2014, obtained “ to reform vanward ” title 2018, was awarded ” of “ republic decoration 2019. He still obtains ” of award of science of U.N. Educational “ to wait for large award of international of more than 20 home in succession.

Original title: "The father of cross paddy " Yuan Longping dies die at the age of is 91 years old

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