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中英双语新闻_衞健委:促进人口长期均衡发展

作者:芝麻女发布时间:2021-06-02 23:46英语学习 评论本文有240个文字,大小约为2KB,预计阅读时间1分钟
中英双语新闻:  图:全面两孩政策已取得明显成效。图为安徽省合肥一家“家有二宝体验馆”。 资料图片  据新华社...

中英双语新闻_衞健委:促进人口长期均衡发展

  图:全面两孩政策已取得明显成效。图为安徽省合肥一家“家有二宝体验馆”。 资料图片

  据新华社报道:中共中央政治局5月31日召开会议,提出进一步优化生育政策,实施一对夫妻可以生育三个子女政策及配套支持措施。国家衞生健康委有关负责人当日表示,实施一对夫妻可以生育三个子女政策及配套支持措施,长期看有利於改善人口年龄结构。

  该负责人指出,老龄化是全球性人口发展大趋势,也是今后较长一段时期中国的基本国情。20世纪末,中国60岁及以上老年人口佔比超过10%,进入老龄社会,预计“十四五”末期将由轻度老龄化转入中度阶段(佔比超过20%),在2035年前后进入重度阶段(佔比超过30%)。

  实施一对夫妻可以生育三个子女政策及配套支持措施,长期看有利於改善人口年龄结构,扩大新增劳动力供给,减轻老年人口抚养比,缓和代际之间矛盾,增加社会整体活力,降低老龄化峰值水平。

  Picture: A comprehensive two-child policy has been obtained Obvious results. The picture shows a "Household Two Treasure Experience Hall" in Hefei, Anhui Province. Profile picture

  According to Xinhua News Agency: The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on May 31 to propose to further optimize the childbirth policy and implement the policy that a couple can have three children and supporting measures. The relevant person in charge of the National Health Commission said on the same day that the implementation of the policy that a couple can have three children and supporting measures will help improve the age structure of the population in the long run.

   The person in charge pointed out that aging is a major global population development trend, and it is also China’s basic national conditions for a long period of time in the future. At the end of the 20th century, China’s elderly population aged 60 and above accounted for more than 10% and entered an aging society. It is expected that at the end of the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, it will shift from mild aging to a moderate stage (more than 20%), and it will enter around 2035. Severe stage (accounting for more than 30%).

  Implementing the policy that a couple can have three children and supporting measures will help improve the age structure of the population in the long run, expand the supply of new labor, reduce the dependency ratio of the elderly, and ease the conflicts between generations. Increase the overall vitality of society and reduce the peak level of aging.

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